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Dietitian and Nutritional Science Courses (Also introduced in India)
The world is getting more & more aware each passing day about the health issues. And India has been no exception. Health care is getting top priority among the educated Indian class; consequently the need of Nutritional Experts and Dieticians has been on the rise.
Every body knows that a well-balanced diet helps the body fight many diseases and infections. The immune system functions well when a nutritional and balanced diet intake is encouraged. The immune system thus prevents infection, reduces the risk of chronic diseases like cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease, as well as seasonal allergies.
The media has been making people aware how a balanced and nutritional diet helps control weight, promotes health - physical as well as mental which in turn enhances the inner and outer human beauty and create alround success in life.
Things seem simple to the people. However, they are not. Most of the people still think that the need of a professional ‘dietitian’ is only for the weight reduction by way of dieting or eating less. This leads to self-prescription and the consequences become ghastly sometimes. Dietitians and nutritionists are experts in food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal.
Let us understand that every single human is different biologically. Not only this, every person has a different tolerance levels for various foods as well as diseases depending upon their DNA, geographical, cultural, religious, economical and educational backgrounds. Their food habits are different.
People require the services of a dietitian for many reasons. Some individuals are concerned with wellness, disease prevention, athletic performance enhancement, or feeding concerns with children, while others are trying to manage their medical conditions with food and meal planning. Because it can be difficult to figure out which foods make up a healthy diet, the nutritional experts and dietitians help create a plan that meets the individual health needs and goals.
Need of a dietitian and a nutritional expert
The Most common reason these days for an individual to see a dietitian is - obesity i.e. being overweight. It's estimated that more than 60% of Americans are overweight or obese while the sedentary lifestyle these days in the growing economies like India has also been affecting the health of the people. The modern sedentary lifestyle is responsible for several problems in the society e.g. obesity, pre-diabetes, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, cancer, osteoporosis; polycystic ovarian syndrome among women, during-pregnancy problems; gastrointestinal disorders, malnutrition, eating disorders, kidney failures etc. It is estimated that over 10 per cent of the world population has been effected by at least one disease of the above.
The dietitians and nutritionists provide customized information for specific reasons to different individuals to plan a diet on the individual basis e.g. for the obese, with limited fat and sugar to help patients lose weight. They may work with other healthcare professionals to coordinate patient care.
Role of a dietitian
The dietitian is the link between the patient and medical team or physician in assisting difficult decisions making about nutrition care. Asian Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASEAN) states that the dietician role in nutrition care has been recommended an adequate source and amount of balanced nutrients according to pre- established standards of care. According to Dietitians Society of Canada, some roles of dietitians include, but are not limited to, the following:
· Identifying nutrition problems and assessing the nutritional status of patients in a clinical setting.
· Developing diet plans and counseling patients on special diet modifications.
· Assessing, promoting, protecting, and enhancing the health of the general public in a community setting
and providing strategies for prevention of nutrition-related diseases.
· Managing a cost effective food production operation, distributing high quality meals/snacks, and monitoring sanitation and safety standards in a food service setting.
· Operating private consulting practices to provide expertise in nutrition, as well as promote health and prevent disease
· Working with individuals, groups, workplaces and media to provide dietary advice for healthy living.
· Working with food and pharmaceutical companies to provide research, develop products, educate consumers, and promote and market better food and nutritional products in a business setting.
· Teaching nutrition, food chemistry, or food service administration to students in any health profession and at all levels of education.
· Dietitians and nutritionists evaluate the health of their clients. Based on their findings, dietitians and nutritionists advise clients on which foods to eat—and those foods to avoid—to improve their health.
· Dietitians and nutritionists who are self-employed may meet with patients, or they may work as consultants for a variety of organizations. They may need to spend time on marketing and other business-related tasks, such as scheduling appointments and preparing informational materials for clients.
Although many dietitians and nutritionists do similar tasks, there are several specialties within the occupations. The following are examples of types of dietitians and nutritionists:
· Clinical dietitians and nutritionists provide medical nutrition therapy. They work in hospitals, long-term care facilities, clinics, private practice, and other institutions. They create nutritional programs based on the health needs of patients or residents and counsel patients on how to lead a healthier lifestyle. Clinical dietitians and nutritionists may further specialize, such as working only with patients with kidney diseases or those with diabetes.
· Community dietitians and nutritionists develop programs and counsel the public on topics related to food and nutrition. They often work with specific groups of people, such as adolescents or the elderly. They work in public health clinics, government and nonprofit agencies, health maintenance organizations (HMOs), and other settings.
· Management dietitians plan meal programs. They work in food service settings such as cafeterias, hospitals, prisons, and schools. They may be responsible for buying food and for carrying out other business-related tasks such as budgeting. Management dietitians may oversee kitchen staff or other dietitians.
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Scope and career
The job of a dietician is not easy. The medical science has finally understood and acknowledged the high importance of the nutritional experts and the science of dietetics.
Accordingly, the career prospectus have grown many-folds. Not only all the hospitals require the services of dieticians and the nutritional experts, but they are needed by pharmaceutical companies, sports bodies, industry, corporate, government departments, educational institutions, hostels, celebrities as well as other high profile individuals.
The dieticians Work individually with their clients to assess their nutrition needs after reviewing their medical and diet history, blood tests, weight and weight trends, along with other physical measurements. They design a personalized meal plans and help establish realistic goals, short term and long term both. The dieticians also equip their patients with techniques to stay on track with the nutrition plan and provide ongoing encouragement and support for the desired results. Hence, the scope of this profession has been getting immense each passing day. Besides getting a good job, the dieticians have the best scope of starting their own consultancies and clinics.
A dietitian has numerous roles to fill. There is a career in dietetics in the modern world. A career in dietetics will enable you to use your strengths and skills everyday in order to teach others about the importance of healthy eating and good nutrition.
The health institutions these days employ the majority of dietitians within hospitals, community health organisations and outpatient clinics. Some dietitians are self-employed, while the remainder work for private healthcare sector employers or food, drink and pharmaceutical companies. Dietitians work on a group and an individual basis with patients of all ages. Vacancies attract moderate competition. Jobs are advertised by careers services and recruitment agencies, in newspapers we well as in various health publications.
To become a dietitian it is necessary to possess a good education in the field of nutrition or dietetics, or alternatively a life sciences degree that incorporates human physiology and biochemistry. Besides the curriculum, the students are also taught to possess a mature, confident and caring manner. The ability to interact well with people from a wide range of backgrounds, together with good interpersonal and communication skills are essential – as is an understanding of biochemistry/human physiology.
Yorks College has reached the shores of India to provide the best courses in nutritional science and dietetics online. The instructions are simple to understand and the course material developed by the professionals in the field.
The durations of the courses are designed not only to suit the newcomers as well as the medical professionals already in the field, but the fees are also competitive so that the aspirations of many young are not crushed due to the financial reasons. The following five courses have been started in India:
1. Master of Nutritional Science & Dietetics: MDNSc. - 24 Months
2. Bachelor of Nutritional Science & Dietetics: BDNSc. 18 Months
3. Higher International Diploma in Nutritional Science HID (NSc.) - 12 months
4. Diploma in Nutritional Science: DNSc. 9 - months
5. Certificate in Nutritional Science: CNSc. - 6 months
6. Special Awareness course for working women & men, housewives etc. to take care of their own as well as family health - 3 months
Note: In India only course number 3, 4, 5 and 6 are being started.
After the completion of the course, the certification is offered by the Yorks College, U.K.
Course durations : All the courses are spread between 6 to 24 months.
Flexibility: Yorks College gives liberty to its students to complete their courses according to their own time availability or restrictions i.e. up to a 25% increase or decrease in the stipulated course duration is agreed by the Yorks College but on valid grounds.
Evaluation & Awards of the Degrees and Diplomas : The Passing Percentage marks are 50 percent. 51 - 60% gives you Second class and 61 to 70% states First Class. Students obtaining between 70 to 80% pass with Honours. And those who get over 90% are marked with Distinction.
Awards to the exceptional students : Students passing with Honours and Distrinctions are bestowed with Special Certificates Medals and gifts. Their pictures are placed on the College Honours List soon to be started